Prehistoric_Britain

Prehistoric Britain Interactive Timeline

43 AD

Roman Conquest

The Roman invasion is considered to be the end of the prehistoric era in Britain.

Tribes

Many Iron Age people were thought to live together in tribes, with a chieftain as leader. Living Together ActiveWorksheet
IMPORTANT SITE

Maiden Castle, Dorset

An Iron Age hillfort located in Dorset. It is one of the best preserved hill forts in Britain and was occupied between 600 BC and 450 BC.
~750 BC

Iron Working

As the technology of furnaces became more advanced, higher temperatures allowed prehistoric people to begin forging tools and weapons with iron. Tools & Technology ActiveWorksheet
~750 BC

Iron Age Britain

The Iron Age in Britain lasts around 700 years, and is defined by the discovery of iron working and the creation of iron tools and weapons.

Metalworking

Metalworking knowledge was thought to arrive in Britain with the Beaker culture. Prehistoric people's first began working with copper, and then combined copper and tin to make bronze.
~2,200 BC

Bronze Age Britain

The Bronze Age in Britain began around this time, and lasts for around 1,500 years.
~2,500 BC

Beaker Pottery

Some of the first pottery in the archaeological record appears around this time, named for the culture of people who created it. Farming ActiveWorksheet
IMPORTANT SITE

Skara Brae

Skara Brae is a Neolithic settlement located in the Orkney Isles off the coast in Scotland. It is famous for its well preserved stone dwellings, occupied between 3,180 BC and 2,500 BC.

Farming

During the Neolithic, prehistoric people in Britain began farming crops and animals for the first time. This is an important step on the road to the civilisation we recognise today. Farming ActiveWorksheet
IMPORTANT SITE

Stonehenge

Stonehenge is one of the most famous prehistoric sites in the world. The earliest phase of construction at Stonehenge began around 3,100 BC, finishing around 2,000 BC. Circles of Stone ActiveWorksheet
~4,000 BC

Neolithic Britain

Neolithic means "New Stone Age". In Britain the Neolithic began around this time and is defined by the advent of farming and construction of supposedly ritual stone monuments. Farming ActiveWorksheet
IMPORTANT SITE

Howick House

Howick House is thought to have been a permanently occupied residence, located on the coast of Northumberland. The site is dated to around 7,600 BC. Home and Habitat ActiveWorksheet

Dogs

The Mesolithic was one of the first periods in history where dogs were domesticated by humans for use in hunting.
IMPORTANT SITE

Starr Carr

One of the most important Mesolithic sites in Britain, showing evidence of seasonal hunting and foraging as well as some peculiar deer skull masks. Dated to around 8,770 BC.
~10,000 BC

Mesolithic Britain

Mesolithic means "Middle Stone Age". In Britain the Mesolithic begins around this time and is defined by hunter gatherer groups becoming more sophisticated in how they hunt and forage, settling in different areas depending on the season.

Home and Habitat ActiveWorksheet
~110,000 BC

Last Ice Age begins

The most recent ice age on our planet begins around this time.
IMPORTANT SITE

Bontnewydd Cave

This site in North Wales contains some of the earliest evidence of Neanderthal occupation in Britain, dated to around 230,000 BC. Neanderthal ActiveWorksheet
~480,000 to ~426,000 BC

Anglian Ice Age

One of the most severe ice ages of the last 2 million years.The ice sheets reached as far south as London.

Prehistory Timeline ActiveWorksheet
IMPORTANT SITE

Boxgrove

One of the earliest sites of human activity in the UK, dated to around 500,000 BC.
~800,000 BC

Palaeolithic Britain

Palaeolithic means "Old Stone Age". Archaeologists, using dated evidence, agree that the earliest occupation of Britain by prehistoric peoples was around this time. The Palaeolithic is a huge stretch of time, lasting over 800,000 years, in which different species of human lived in Britain. Hunter Gatherer ActiveWorksheet

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